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Environmental Studies Major & Minor

Environmental studies integrates the study of interactions among physical, chemical and biological components of the environment. Students take many courses in the natural sciences, but not at the expense of courses in the social sciences and humanities. The field has grown substantially since the 1960s, as public awareness of environmental problems grew. The public began to rely on informed scientists to recommend practical public policies and environmental standards. Today, environmental scientists study issues like climate change, conservation, biodiversity, pollution, natural resource usage, waste management and sustainable development.

Major and Minor Requirements
Major

The Environmental Studies Major

Note: The grade point average of all the coursework comprising the major must be no less than 2.00 with no course grade below C- (1.70) in all courses other than Calculus II.

For the Bachelor of Arts degree

12 units, including:

ENVR 201 Introduction to Environmental Studies
ENVR 230 Environmental Economics
ENVR 269 Topics in Environmental Ethics
ENVR 362 Environmental Law and Policy
ENVR 391 Environmental Senior Seminar

One course in environmental life science chosen from:

BIOL 109*/ENVR 109 Introduction to Ecology
BIOL 111/ENVR 111 Marine Biology of the Chesapeake Bay
BIOL 207* Ecology
ENVR 199 Introduction to Biological Thinking

One course in physical environmental science chosen from:

CHEM 110/ENVR 110 Pollutants in the Environment
CHEM 316 Environmental Chemistry
ENVR 250 Introduction to Earth Systems and Physical Geography
Introductory statistics requirement: MATH 209 (preferred), BIOL 320, BUAD 202, CHEM 300, PSYC 200, or equivalent course approved by the ES coordinator

One course in environmental research methods, chosen from:

ANTH 211 Field Methods in Ethnography
CHEM 301 Quantitative Chemical Analysis
CHEM 302 Instrumentation and Spectroscopy
CHEM 303 Chemical Separations
ECON 370 Advanced Econometrics
ENVR 260 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
MATH 219 Introduction to the Design of Experiments
MATH 304* Math Models in Biology and Medicine
MATH 324* Continuous Math Methods
PLSC 270 Social Science Inquiry
SOC 211 Sociological Research Methods and Data Analysis

Three units of electives approved for environmental studies, at least one-half unit of which must be an experiential learning course (ENVR 320, ENVR 388, ENVR 406, GEOG 406, or equivalent)

For the Bachelor of Science degree

15 units, including:

ENVR 201 Introduction to Environmental Studies
ENVR 230 Environmental Economics
ENVR 269 Topics in Environmental Ethics
ENVR 362 Environmental Law and Policy
ENVR 391 Environmental Senior Seminar

One course in environmental life science chosen from:

BIOL 109*/ENVR 109 Introduction to Ecology
BIOL 111/ENVR 111 Marine Biology of the Chesapeake Bay
BIOL 207* Ecology
ENVR 199 Introduction to Biological Thinking

One course in physical environmental science chosen from:

CHEM 110/ENVR 110 Pollutants in the Environment
CHEM 316 Environmental Chemistry
ENVR 250 Introduction to Earth Systems and Physical Geography

Introductory statistics requirement: MATH 209 (preferred), BIOL 320, BUAD 202, CHEM 300, PSYC 200, or equivalent course approved by the ES coordinator

One course in environmental research methods, chosen from:

ANTH 211 Field Methods in Ethnography
CHEM 301 Quantitative Chemical Analysis
CHEM 302 Instrumentation and Spectroscopy
CHEM 303 Chemical Separations
ECON 370 Advanced Econometrics
ENVR 260 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
MATH 219 Introduction to the Design of Experiments
MATH 304* Math Models in Biology and Medicine
MATH 324* Continuous Math Methods
PLSC 270 Social Science Inquiry
SOC 211 Sociological Research Methods and Data Analysis

Three units of electives approved for environmental studies, at least one-half unit of which must be an experiential learning course (ENVR 320, ENVR 388, ENVR 406, GEOG 406, or equivalent)

MATH 212 or MATH 232 Calculus II

Two units in biology, chemistry, or physics at or above the 300 level

*The following courses involve significant overlap in content: BIOL 109/BIOL 207; and MATH 304/MATH 324. Credit toward the major can be given for only one course in each pair; for example, credit can be given for either BIOL 109 or BIOL 207 but not both.

Students are expected to fulfill all prerequisites necessary for courses within the major. Prerequisites do not count toward the major unless otherwise noted.

Concentrations

Concentrations in Environmental Studies

Note: A student does not have to choose a concentration in order to receive a degree in environmental studies. Students may satisfy the elective units requirement of the degree by pursuing one of the following concentrations:

Environmental Science Concentration

Three units of electives, chosen from:

BIOL 111/ENVR 111 Marine Biology of the Chesapeake Bay
BIOL 225 Evolution
BIOL 306 Systematic Botany
BIOL 331 Molecular Ecology
BIOL 332 Tropical Marine Biology
BIOL 333 Microbial Ecology
BIOL 334 Oceanography
BIOL 344 Behavioral Ecology
BIOL 383 Tropical Biology and Conservation
CHEM 110/ENVR 110 Pollutants in the Environment
CHEM 316 Environmental Chemistry
ENVR 250 Earth Systems and Physical Biology
ENVR 350 Environmental Gradients
GEOG 315 Landscape Ecology

Environment and Society Concentration

Three units of electives, chosen from:

ECON 211 Economic Development in Asia, Africa and Latin America
ENVR 330 Environmental and Resource Economic Theory
GEOG 220 Ecotourism
GEOG 320 Power, Space, and Territory: Geographies of Political Change
GEOG 333 Geographies of Amazonia
GEOG 345 Society, Economy, and Nature: Global Perspectives on Sustainable Development
GEOG 370 Geographies of Economic Development and Globalization
HIST 390 Food and Power in Africa and Asia
JOUR 304 Reporting on the Environment
MGMT 348 Environmental Management
PLSC 260 Introduction to Public Policy
PLSC 360 International Development Policy

Experiential learning (ENVR 388, ENVR 320, or equivalent) and Special Topics (ENVR 300) may be counted towards a concentration with approval of the environmental studies coordinator.

Minor

The Environmental Studies Minor

Note: The grade point average of all the coursework comprising the minor in environmental studies must be no less than 2.00 with no course grade below C- (1.70).

6 units, including:

ENVR 201 Introduction to Environmental Studies

ENVR 269 Topics in Environmental Ethics

Either ENVR 230 Environmental Economics or ENVR 362 Environmental Law and Policy

One course in environmental life science chosen from

BIOL 109*/ENVR 109 Introduction to Ecology
BIOL 207 Ecology
BIOL 111/ENVR 111 Marine Biology of the Chesapeake Bay

One course in physical environmental science chosen from

CHEM 110/ENVR 110 Pollutants in the Environment
CHEM 316 Environmental Chemistry
ENVR 250 Introduction to Earth Systems and Physical Geography

One approved elective in environmental studies

*Credit toward the Environmental Studies minor will be given for either BIOL 109 or BIOL 207, but not both. Students are expected to fulfill all prerequisites necessary for courses within the minor. Prerequisites do not count toward the minor unless otherwise noted.

Electives

Environmental Studies Electives

ANTH 211 Field Methods in Ethnography
BIOL 108 Environmental Biology
BIOL 111 Marine Biology of the Chesapeake Bay
BIOL 225 Evolution
BIOL 306 Systematic Botany
BIOL 331 Molecular Ecology
BIOL 332 Tropical Marine Biology
BIOL 333 Microbial Ecology
BIOL 334 Oceanography
BIOL 344 Behavioral Ecology
BIOL 382 Conservation Biology
BIOL 383 Tropical Biology & Conservation
CHEM 110 Pollutants in the Environment
CHEM 301 Quantitative Chemical Analysis
CHEM 302 Instrumentation and Spectroscopy
CHEM 303 Chemical Separations
CHEM 316 Environmental Chemistry
ECON 211 Economic Development in Asia, Africa & Latin America
ECON 230 Environmental Economics
ECON 370 Advanced Econometrics
ENVR 215 / GEOG 215 Geography of the James
ENVR 220 / GEOG 220 Ecotourism
ENVR 250 / GEOG 250 Introduction to Earth Systems and Physical Geography
ENVR 260 / GEOG 260 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
ENVR 300 Special Topics
ENVR 315 Landscape Ecology
ENVR 320 Directed Research
ENVR 321 Land Use Law
ENVR 322 The Global Impact of Climate Change
ENVR 323 The Geology of Disaster
ENVR 324 Environmental Law
ENVR 325 Global Sustainability
ENVR 330 / ECON 330 Environmental and Resource Economic Theory
ENVR 350 Environmental Gradients
ENVR 360 / GEOG 360 Environmental Remote Sensing
ENVR 362 / PLSC 362 Environmental Law and Policy
ENVR 365 / GEOG 365 Advanced Spatial Analysis 
ENVR 388 Individual Internship
ENVR 390 Independent Study
GEOG 320 Power, Space and Territory: Geographies of Political Change
GEOG 333 Geographies of Amazonia
GEOG 345 Society, Economy and Nature: Global Perspectives on Sustainable Development
GEOG 370 Geographies of Economic Development and Globalization
HIST 390 Food & Power in Africa and Asia
MGMT 348 Environmental Management
MGMT 353 Sustainability and Accountability in Business
MATH 219 Introduction to the Design of Experiments
MATH 304 Math Models in Biology and Medicine
PLSC 260 Introduction to Public Policy
PLSC 360 International Development Policy
RELG 269 Ethics, Religion and the Environment
RELG 374 Religion and the American Environment
SOC 211 Sociological Research Methods